What is Joinery?

People often ask, "What Is Joinery?"


Look all around you; you are bound to come across several products made from wood in one sweep of your gaze, however many people still ask "What is Joinery?" In your house, your school or workplace, wherever you go, you would come across something or the other that a skilled worker would have made for you to use out of wood.


Joinery is a skilled trade which involves constructing furniture, houses, ships, offices, shops, and uses materials involving wood and timber, although now other materials are also being incorporated in such constructions such as plastic and cement board.


Site Joinery

There are three main categories that are a part of Site Joinery – 1st Fix, 2nd Fix and Final fix. The first involves making structural components that do not require a finish. Things like Joists, trusses, rafters and stud walls that go within a structure (and which would be later covered) is known as 1st fix Joinery. 2nd and final encompasses those things that need a finer finish and remain visible as opposed to be covered with another layer, window installations, doors, skirtings and kitchens and all those exposed wooden components need a more refined hand and neater finish. There is also a final fix where the last fittings go on after decorations.


Other sub categories have also branched out from the two main ones, into more specific and specialised divisions. Cabinetry is one such division wherein, a carpenter only makes cabinets customised to the need of the space and person who is having them made. Whether kitchen cabinets, or cupboards, or even those for office use, each type of cabinet has specifications that are utilised differently. Further customisations are upon the likings of people who have to use them.

Green Joinery

Yet another classification is green Joinery, whereby only environmentally friendly materials are used. Reclaimed wood or wood from renewable forests are utilised to make everything with as low wastage as possible. It is specialised because it can be certified to be a “green product” and not every piece of handicraft can be given this accreditation.


Not everyone can be skilled at making ships (or on smaller level, boats) even. This is another specialised branch of Joinery. Ship Joinery involves the construction, maintenance and repairs of ships and boats and is in need of persons with specific set of skills for seamless functioning.


It is interesting to note that within categories, there are even further concentrations in the field. One such highly developed category is of construction Joinery. This involves residential Joinery, commercial Joinery and industrial Joinery. As the names suggest, residential Joinery revolves around building and renovating houses, apartments and other residential properties; whereas commercial Joinery involves any construction pertaining to commercial buildings – including but not restricted to office buildings, and even schools and hospitals. The last type of Joinery meanwhile involves construction of dams and sewers and anything on an industrial level.


Joinery seems to be a pretty straightforward endeavor, however, once you delve into the topic it keeps branching off into directions with the need of highly specialised skills. With this specialisation, there arises a need for highly specialised workers and each branch has its own type of carpenter involved in high skilled work.


If anyone asks you "What is Joinery?" you now know which page to link to!


Accredited Carpentry and Joinery

Oliver Wild Ltd, Unit A4 Alison Business Centre, Sheffield, S2 1AS, Company Number: 7803633, VAT Number: 177-1194-93